Thursday, May 21, 2020
The Likeliness of Being Different Based on every class, every story, and every essay I ve sat through learning or writing about Human Development, I don t think I can fit the term into the simple definition that it is the unfolding of the human potential in each person s unique environment. It just feels like so much more. Among the many things that have been engraved in my mind about the subject, the idea that everything is due to our genes and environment fascinates me the most. Development starts at conception, and because of that everything that happens in during our lifetime is a contribution to our development as human beings. Frances Klagsbrun s article Long-Term Marriages tries to explains the secrets being long lastingÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In his article What s Your Emotional I.Q.? Daniel Goleman tells the story of a bus driver who was very cheerful and good at his job. He engaged with riders by greeting them with a happy smile. Then he switched over to a story of a straight A Florida High School student who really wanted to go to Harvard Medical School. Once he got an 80 on a quiz, and his reaction was to stab his teacher. The article suggests that I.Q. doesn t determine all of the success waiting in someone s future, just about 20 percent. As a North American society, what help us achieve our human potential are other things like self-awareness, mood management, self-motivation, impulse control, and people skills. Like we learned in class Ã¢â¬â these types of test tell us how someone performs on a test. A longitudinal study was made with children from the 1960s to test their self-motivation. The study tested preschool children with a marshmallow. They were told right before being given the marshmallow that, if they waited for the experimenter to come back, they d get 2 marshmallows. Some kids settled for the quick one-marshmallow while some waited for the experimenter to come back, to get two. Some of the kids closed their eyes to keep th emselves from being tempted into eating the marshmallow. When these children became adolescents, the same characteristics were seen in them. The ones who had waited for the experimenter to come back were more socially competent and self-assertive and better able toShow MoreRelatedAdolescent Behavior Case Study1105 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe second study to be addressed pertains to the likeliness of the program to decrease risky sexual behaviors in adolescents. This study tries to assess the effectiveness of the program in decreasing reports of participants having sex, unprotected sex and underage pregnancies after the completion of the program. The participants in this study were, on majority, 9th graders from different schools across the world. The criteria for selecting the schools was their curriculum, location, scheduling, andRead MoreRoles And Responsibility Of Management1741 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesof Act: This act was put into place to prevent companies from exploiting their emp loyees for their benefits. It has been split into different sections such as dispute resolution, minimum wage and Union Membership Expulsion to cover the different areas of employment in the UK. In a school there are various differences in the employment sector as there would be different ages as well as genders. To prevent discrimination in the workplace, the Employment Act helps those that might be victimised by protectingRead MoreProduct Demand Life Cycle Impact On The Marketing Mix1095 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesobjectives setting a common product may hold. (Tanner Raymond, 2010) Target Market The Coca-Cola Company attempts to satisfy the wants and needs of many different types of people. They carry beverages that target different age groups, sexes, and lifestyles. Their most popular product, as many know, is Coca-Cola and it is popular in multiple different nations. The Coca-Cola Company took note on their success with Coke, so they produce many similar products that would then fit the lifestyle of everyoneRead MoreHpv : Causes And Effects983 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe effects of HPV after being contracted include cancer, genital warts, planter warts, and palmer warts. Sexual Contact Different forms of sex including vaginal, oral, and anal cause HPV. Ã¢â¬Å"In humans these sexually transmitted strains can cause genital warts, precancerous changes in the tissues of the female vagina, or cervical cancerÃ¢â¬ (Langwith, 2013, p.16). People who have sex with partners who have HPV are likely to become contagious. Although the rate of likeliness goes up the more partnersRead MoreElectronic Sports: Really a Sport?1546 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesinto fruition, and boy is it blooming. Electronic Sports, eSports for short, is the act of playing video games competitively for not just proving whoÃ¢â¬â¢s better, but also for a very large chunk of money. Does that make it a sport however? Is just being able to compete against others for money what makes something a sport? In some cases, but that would probably be more the definition of a Ã¢â¬Å"tournament.Ã¢â¬ Other things needed would be leagues for the division of the skills of each player, a rules basisRead MoreLiter ature Review- Resistance to Change1391 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDÃ¢â¬â¢Amelio, 2008)5. Many researches have indicate that change recipient is most of the time responsible for resisting to change (Dent Goldberg; Klein cited by Ford J.D, Ford L.W and DÃ¢â¬â¢Amelio, 2008) however in this paper we would like to look at a different angle where change agent would be the one at fault for causing resistance to change. It is possible that resistance to change could arise through the change agent fail strategy or implementation of change. It could be the break of trust, breach ofRead MoreSwot Analysis : Strategic Management1585 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesopportunity to make an acquisition; the identification of a potential partnership; or an investment opportunity. If the SWOT analysis is made to analyze a new business than an idea could be made that can help develop different strategic options for entering into a new market or launching a different product; this is done by measuring the existin g product or brandÃ ´s weaknesses and strengths. SWOT can be applied to analyze the internal resources of a company identifying if there is a gap or weakness that needsRead MoreSampling And Participants At The University Of The Ozarks Area1269 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagespost-test consisted of three questions based on the Likert Scale. The first question asked whether their estimations matched those of the app; the second question asked whether they were surprised with the results; the last one, questioned their likeliness of changing their cellphone use. The control group, on the other hand, only completed a pre-test consisting of a two-question survey, which asked the students whether they were aware of the time they spent on their smartphones and whether they wereRead MoreThe Social Influence Of Minority And Minority Influence1491 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesnot show a significant increase. Most important is the unanimity of the majority. If the Ã¢â¬ËloneÃ¢â¬â¢ participant gets even one Ã¢â¬Å"allyÃ¢â¬ , levels of conformity drops sharply from 32% to 5.5%. Interestingly, if the Ã¢â¬ËallyÃ¢â¬â¢ also gives wrong answers, but those different from the other confederates, levels of conformity still drop. This indicates that the unanimity of the group is a key aspect for majority influence. Finally, an important factor for conformity is cohesiveness. The individualÃ¢â¬â¢s degree of attractionRead MoreMental Illness And Social Anxiety1715 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesand had symptoms of hysteria that you could likely be a witch. Being open or vocal about anxiety or displaying symptoms that could not be explained by others often resulted in being Ã¢â¬ËtreatedÃ¢â¬â¢ either by tortured (in Spain), execution (in Britain) or burning at the stake (in Scotland). Victorian Era In the Victorian era women who were anxious in any way were thought to be insane, the anxiety experienced at this time was due to women being trapped inside without a job or anything to do, this led to strange
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Since its inception the DHS has gone through a shift in terms of overall concepts and missions. Something had to be done to ensure the safety of American people and protecting the U.S. homeland against future terrorist attacks. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security was enacted shortly after the September 11th 2001 attacks and the creation of DHS was one of the most significant changes made by the U.S. government with a clear mission of protecting our homeland. The Department of Homeland Security has merged twenty-two separate agencies into one unified and integrated department. Funding has nearly reached 9 billion dollars towards the security enhancements of homeland security such as the national borders and transportation systems (Spindlove and Simeson, 2009). Some noticeable department components that make up DHS are the developments of the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), United States Customs and Border Protections (CBP), Unites States Immigration and Customs Enfo rcement (ICE). Additionally, further expanding core mission of homeland security were the effects of hurricane Katrina and its response toward disasters. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) was enacted in order to prepare the nation for hazardous events, manage federal response and recovery efforts following a national incident. As events have unfolded, homeland security strategies and missions have adapted safeguards and protective measure to ensure a homeland that is safe fromShow MoreRelatedHomeland Security1085 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ AMERICAN MILITARY UNIVERSITY HOMELAND SECUIRTY Brittany Staley HLSS302: Paper #2 May 11, 2014 In the years since 9/11, homeland security has turn out to be frequently and generally identified as both a word and as a Federal department. However, a large amount has been learned since 9/11 concerning the array of further challenges we face. Hurricane Katrina strongly illustrates the general impact of weak preparedness andRead MoreRoles Of Law Enforcement And Intelligence1503 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRoles of Law Enforcement and Intelligence in Counter-Terrorism After 9/11 September 11, 2001 marks one of the darkest, if not the darkest, days in United States history. It is a day in the history of our country in which everyone remembers where they were and what they were doing when they heard the news that two planes had flown into the World Trade Center in New York City, taking out both of the Twin Towers. All in all there were close to 3,000 people who lost their lives on that fateful day betweenRead MoreOverview of the US Department of Homeland Security925 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDepartment of Homeland Security: The U.S. Department of Homeland Security was formed more than a decade ago with a very significant mission of safeguarding Americas homeland from hazards, threats, and national disasters. This department conducts its mission through securing the countrys borders, preventing terror attacks, and responding to incidents or threats to its citizens (Miller, n.d.). Generally, the most important roles of the Department of Homeland Security are to lead a concerted nationalRead MoreU.s. Security Since 9111368 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Changes in U.S. Security Since 911 By Travis Bublitz LA 11 Quarter 3 online May 2015 Then They Were Gone. The twin towers turn into a pile of ash and rubble after two planes disintegrate in the center of both towers. People were running every were to get to out of the ash and smoke fire fighters running in while everyone is running out many not making it back out. From this day on nothing has been the same the people were devastated that it happened and cried out forRead MoreThe Homeland Security Act Of 20021333 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTHE HOMELAND SECURITY ACT The Homeland Security Act of 2002 Signed into law in 2002 by President George W. Bush, the Homeland Security Act established the Department of Homeland Security to prevent terrorist attacks, minimize any damage to the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s citizens, and reduce the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s vulnerability to terrorism. In response to 9/11, the government, as well as the airline industry, has gone through many changes. As of result of 9/11, the airline industry lost a total of $7.7 billion. This paperRead MoreEssay on Evolution of Homeland Security750 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesÃ£â¬â¬ Evolution of Homeland security Ã£â¬â¬ The evolution of Homeland security started in September 11, 2011. When terrorist took control of 4 flights in the United States and planed to kill millions of lives including their own lives. Everyone knows this day as 9/11. When ex-president George W. Bush created the Department of Homeland Security act of 2002. There were 22 agencies that were inherited into the DHS and three agencies that were not included in the DHS. The agencies that make up partRead MoreNational Intelligence Reform And Terrorism Prevention Act Of 20041659 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHomeland Security is the intersection of evolving threats and hazards with traditional government and its responsibilities for civil defense emergency response law enforcement, customs border control and immigration. Moreover, the term Ã¢â¬Å"enterpriseÃ¢â¬ is a national effort that refers to the collective efforts and shared responsibilities of federal, state local, tribal, territorial, nongovernmental and private-sector partners as well as individuals ( U.S. Department of Homland Security, 2010). SinceRead MoreTerrorism during the 9/11 Attack and Afterwards1476 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTerrorism has been around since separate nations were created long ago; these nations fought over who was the strongest or who had the right viewpoint or even over who should control certain lands. Though most everyone has heard about some form of terrorist activity du ring their lifetime, it was brought to the forefront of every American citizenÃ¢â¬â¢s mind after the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the world trade center. After these attacks the whole country was looking for security, a reassurance that an eventRead MoreA Look Back at 9/111307 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages9/11 One of the most known and worst events occurred on September 11, 2001. Terror attacks occurred in the United States of America in the cities of Washington D.C. and New York City. An Al-Qaeda terrorist group organized this attack by sending terrorists on four different airplanes to crash into the World Trade Center in New York City, and the Pentagon in Washington D.C. Two planes crashed into the World Trade Center, while another one was targeted for the Pentagon. Although one plane hit theRead MoreRole Of The Department Of Homeland Security1659 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe DHS in Counterterrorism On September 11, 2011, the United States observed the tenth anniversary of the worst terrorist attacks in the history of the United States . The creation of many anti-terrorism organizations was a clear message that this threat is beyond a single military or intelligence capacity. Our citizens demanded a strong response that would prevent any future terrorist threat. President Bush created the Department of Homeland Security as the key agency responsible for all anti-terrorism
Mesopotamia was a continent in Africa. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s between the Persian Gulf and the Medertian Sea, surrounding the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Egypt is also a continent in Africa it is near the Nile River. We will write a custom essay sample on Egypt Mesopotamia or any similar topic only for you Order Now Mesopotamia and Egypt were different in terms of geography because EgyptÃ¢â¬â¢s geography had Mesoamerica the Tigris, and Euphrates rivers and the Nile River, as well as annual Nile flooding. On the other hand MesopotamiaÃ¢â¬â¢s geography had Mesopotamia the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, and river valleys. Mesopotamia was a region of the Middle East, located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers that today are a part of Iraq. The Greek word meso meaning Ã¢â¬Å"betweenÃ¢â¬ and potams meaning Ã¢â¬Å"riverÃ¢â¬ , also known as the Fertile Crescent. This area was home to numerous things. Civilizations, plus revolutionized agriculture, city planning, and written alphabet. Egypt was a narrow strip of land along the Nile River. Each year the Nile River would floods leaving behind a fertile fringe of soil. They called it Ã¢â¬Å"the black landÃ¢â¬ and the deserts all around the Nile were called Ã¢â¬Å"the red landÃ¢â¬ . Mesopotamia and Egypt were different in terms of cities and states since Egypt had Babylon, Assyrian, and Nubian Kingdom of Ta-sati Persian rue in Egypt pharaoh. And MesopotamiaÃ¢â¬â¢s cities and states had Tikal, Sumer, Ur Nubian kingdom of Kush, roman conquest, and Nobel sudden. Mesopotamia was established by the Sumerians by the middle of the 4th millennium B.C. Egypt was founded around 3000 B.C.E when Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt combined into one whole kingdom. EgyptÃ¢â¬â¢s history is divided into three parts. Old kingdoms, middle kingdoms, and new kingdoms. During each of these periodsÃ¢â¬â¢ different dynasties of pharos ruled. Mesopotamia and Egypt were different in terms of interaction and exchange because Egypt had grounds, watermelon, donkeys, and cattle. Mesopotamia had commerce, culture, flower, barley, gourds, watermelons, donkeys, and cattle. Mesopotamia is in between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in the Middle East.Ã It is referred to as modern day Iraq and parts of Syrian, Iraq, and turkey. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s also known as the cradle of civilization. Many things were invited in Mesopotamia like writing, the wheel, the first laws, the first library, the first cities and much more. Also itÃ¢â¬â¢s important because they were not divided in politics or religion. They also believed in their own gods and followed directions of their pharaoh. Egypt and Mesopotamia have a few things in common and some things they have nothing in common. A few things they have in common are they both have a large river system, the Nile river runs through Egypt and the Tigris and Euphrates river runs between Mesopotamia. They also have flooding, hot, and sunny climate. They both have their own alphabet, Egyptians use hieroglyphics and Mesopotamians use cuneiform. Some things the two donÃ¢â¬â¢t have in common are tools, different languages, and believed in different things. How to cite Egypt Mesopotamia, Papers Egypt Mesopotamia Free Essays Mesopotamia was a continent in Africa. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s between the Persian Gulf and the Medertian Sea, surrounding the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Egypt is also a continent in Africa it is near the Nile River. We will write a custom essay sample on Egypt Mesopotamia or any similar topic only for you Order Now Mesopotamia and Egypt were different in terms of geography because EgyptÃ¢â¬â¢s geography had Mesoamerica the Tigris, and Euphrates rivers and the Nile River, as well as annual Nile flooding. On the other hand MesopotamiaÃ¢â¬â¢s geography had Mesopotamia the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, and river valleys. Mesopotamia was a region of the Middle East, located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers that today are a part of Iraq. The Greek word meso meaning Ã¢â¬Å"betweenÃ¢â¬ and potams meaning Ã¢â¬Å"riverÃ¢â¬ , also known as the Fertile Crescent. This area was home to numerous things. Civilizations, plus revolutionized agriculture, city planning, and written alphabet. Egypt was a narrow strip of land along the Nile River. Each year the Nile River would floods leaving behind a fertile fringe of soil. They called it Ã¢â¬Å"the black landÃ¢â¬ and the deserts all around the Nile were called Ã¢â¬Å"the red landÃ¢â¬ . Mesopotamia and Egypt were different in terms of cities and states since Egypt had Babylon, Assyrian, and Nubian Kingdom of Ta-sati Persian rue in Egypt pharaoh. And MesopotamiaÃ¢â¬â¢s cities and states had Tikal, Sumer, Ur Nubian kingdom of Kush, roman conquest, and Nobel sudden. Mesopotamia was established by the Sumerians by the middle of the 4th millennium B. C. Egypt was founded around 3000 B. C. E when Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt combined into one whole kingdom. EgyptÃ¢â¬â¢s history is divided into three parts. Old kingdoms, middle kingdoms, and new kingdoms. During each of these periodsÃ¢â¬â¢ different dynasties of pharos ruled. Mesopotamia and Egypt were different in terms of interaction and exchange because Egypt had grounds, watermelon, donkeys, and cattle. Mesopotamia had commerce, culture, flower, barley, gourds, watermelons, donkeys, and cattle. Mesopotamia is in between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in the Middle East. It is referred to as modern day Iraq and parts of Syrian, Iraq, and turkey. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s also known as the cradle of civilization. Many things were invited in Mesopotamia like writing, the wheel, the first laws, the first library, the first cities and much more. Also itÃ¢â¬â¢s important because they were not divided in politics or religion. They also believed in their own gods and followed directions of their pharaoh. Egypt and Mesopotamia have a few things in common and some things they have nothing in common. A few things they have in common are they both have a large river system, the Nile river runs through Egypt and the Tigris and Euphrates river runs between Mesopotamia. They also have flooding, hot, and sunny climate. They both have their own alphabet, Egyptians use hieroglyphics and Mesopotamians use cuneiform. Some things the two donÃ¢â¬â¢t have in common are tools, different languages, and believed in different things. How to cite Egypt Mesopotamia, Papers
Friday, April 24, 2020
Different people perceive varying images as far as public health is concerned. Moreover, it can imply different ideas depending on the context used. In the United States, there are various public health perceptions. Public health refers to the science of improving and guarding peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s health.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Public Health Characteristics specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This is achieved through strategies such as research on diseases, enhancing healthy lifestyles, preventing injury, and creating awareness. Public health experts play a great responsibility in assessing how the environment, personal decisions, and genetics influence health. Through the assessment, they are able to come up with strategies for guarding societies, families, and individuals. Public HealthÃ¢â¬â¢s Contribution towards Improvement of Quality of Life and Health Status As a result of public health, individuals can live for longer periods. This is attributed to the fact that public health deals with creating awareness about the strategies that are most effective in preventing diseases. In addition, individuals are advised on appropriate diets, which promote healthy immune systems. When people are aware about prevention of diseases and the significance of nutrients in the body, they are able to take appropriate measures, which lengthens their lives. Public health also deals with environmental protection. This ensures that air, land, and water pollution are prevented. A clean environment is vital for ensuring that water- borne and air- borne diseases are prevented (Webster, 2001). Consequently, this ensures healthy communities. Public health is extremely important in ensuring safer births. Public health experts advocate for better maternal and health services that entails the care of all age groups. The vulnerable groups such as children aged less than five years, expectant and lactating mothers , people suffering from chronic diseases, and HIV/ AIDS victims have their health needs cared for comprehensively. As a result, expectant mothers are guaranteed safer births. Children aged less than five years, expectant and lactating mothers are provided with comprehensive health care programs, which reduce maternal and infant mortality and morbidity. Historical Phenomena Responsible for Public Health ResponsesÃ¢â¬â¢ Development A Quarantine refers to a public health policy that was practiced during the fourteenth century. Various quarantine systems were developed as a strategy of isolating merchandise and travellers believed to be coming from infected regions. A majority of the urban authorities operated cordon sanitaire, which had strict regulations. These controls methods were practiced until the nineteenth century. This was particularly during outbreaks such as cholera, measles, and chicken pox. Moreover, the control methods were aimed at protecting the health of people (Grif fiths Hunter, 1999).Advertising Looking for essay on health medicine? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More During the 2nd quarter of the 19th century, Ã¢â¬Å"state medicineÃ¢â¬ was used. Through the Ã¢â¬Ësanitary ideaÃ¢â¬â¢, a dominant public health administration would be established to ensure that local authorities provided appropriate street cleaning, sewers, and drains. Moreover, there would be environmental regulation of offensive businesses, nuisances, and housing. Distinctive and Unique Public Health Features Public health gives quarantine a significant role as far as disease prevention is concerned. The movement of people and goods can act as a mode of transferring public health dangers. Therefore, public health ensures keen surveillance. Public health relies heavily on creating and transmitting information on disease prevention. There is a key concern that every person has a great role in safeguarding their health , which promotes a healthy community. Public health considers the eradication of smallpox a great success. Therefore, immunization is a key public health feature (Webster, 2001). References Griffiths, S., Hunter, D. J. (1999). Perspectives in Public Health. Oxford: Radcliffe Medical Press. Webster, C. (2001). Caring for health: History and diversity (3rd ed.). Buckingham: Open University Press. This essay on Public Health Characteristics was written and submitted by user Lawrence Walsh to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
Cottle From the case presented, it is apparent that there are numerous factors influencing demand for toothbrushes in India. Demand is a function of various factors including social, economic, and environmental factors.Advertising We will write a custom assessment sample on Cottle-Taylor: Expanding the oral care group in India specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Oral hygiene awareness is among the factors influencing the demand for toothbrushes in India. The demand for toothbrushes depends highly on the extent of awareness and understanding that consumers have pertaining to the importance of oral hygiene. From the case, it is evident that approximately half of all Indians are not concerned with preventing and curing dental problems (Quelch, Zalosh, 2012). Accordingly, this lowers the demand for toothbrushes within the country. However, the demand can be enhanced by educating and enlightening the populace on the importance of good oral hygiene. Similarly, awareness can be increased through effectual advertisements and promotions of toothbrushes. Affordability is a chief factor influencing demand Affordability is based on the economic conditions prevailing within the markets. It focuses on the quantity of disposable income as well as the earnings of the consumers, which determine whether they can afford to purchase a toothbrush or not. From the case study, a majority of the consumers in the developing countries does not perceive a need for sophisticated products that are quite costly. For instance, in her research, Patel found that merely a small number of the wealth consumers could afford the battery-operated toothbrush. In this context, it is manifest that high cost is likely to decrease the demand for toothbrushes. Hence, it is recommendable that companies manufacture toothbrushes that are cost-friendly if they have to increase demand (Quelch Zalosh, 2012). PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s attitudes and habits are likely to influence d emand for toothbrushes in India. Indians are popularly known for chewing Neem tree twigs. This is remedy used by most people in India to keep their teeth healthy. From this perspective, it occurs that these Indian traditions hinder them from purchasing toothbrushes. However, demand can be increased by educating and empowering the populace on the benefits of using contemporary toothbrushes. For instance, the countrywide campaigns conducted by the Indian Dental Association in collaboration with Cottle raised awareness of dental health benefits along with the influence of Western habits, propelling oral care growth in India (Boone Kurtz, 2009).Advertising Looking for assessment on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Dental professionalism is likely to influence the demand for toothbrushes in India. Consumers have a high likelihood of being influenced by people they deem knowledgeable and credible. Howe ver, with low dental professionalism in India, residents hardly acquire the necessary information pertaining to the use of toothbrushes. Hence, the demand for toothbrushes remains low within the country. Nevertheless, demand can be increased by curtailing the scarcity of dental professionals within the country. An increase in the number of dentists is likely to reflect in an increase in dental visits and increased awareness on the use of toothbrushes (Quelch Zalosh, 2012). The frequency of brushing teeth and replacing toothbrushes will automatically influence the demand for toothbrushes. The more a consumer brushes his teeth, the more quickly the toothbrush is likely to wear away. Consequently, this calls for replacement with a new toothbrush. However, in India, only a negligible population of toothbrush users replaces their toothbrushes within three months, thus decreasing the demand for toothbrushes. In this context, it is vital to encourage consumers to brush their teeth twice a day and replace their toothbrushes after three months as recommended by dental practitioners (Johnson, Carr, Canavan, 2012). Cottle-TaylorÃ¢â¬â¢s performance in the Indian market A companyÃ¢â¬â¢s marketing mix strategy remains chief to its success (Boone, Kurtz, 2009). Cottle employed an effective marketing mix to ensure that its product attributes, communication strategy, pricing strategy, and distribution strategy are in alignment with the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s strategic goal. Cottle is enjoying an advantage within the toothbrush market because it has a competitive advantage in the manufacture of advanced technology toothbrushes. To reach its market segments, Cottle devised three product attributes namely low-end manual, mid-range manual, and battery-operated, which came in a variety of styles and colors. Moreover, Cottle established an effective distribution strategy that enabled the company to penetrate the highly disperse retail location within India.Advertising We wi ll write a custom assessment sample on Cottle-Taylor: Expanding the oral care group in India specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The three categories of distributor included high-volume retail outlets, medium-sized distributors, and seed distributors. These distributors focused on urban locations, semi-urban regions, and small villages respectively. Hence, the distribution tactic would enable reaching consumers within all sectors of the country (Quelch Zalosh, 2012). To attain a competitive edge, Cottle did place its toothbrushes within retail outlets nationwide. To do this, the company employed multiple distribution strategies as well as relies on a broad network of partner distributors. Equally, the company made efforts to perfect its retail distribution operation, attaining a competitive advantage. Besides, with the aim of reaching the urban and high-income populace, Cottle supplied and displayed its products in IndiaÃ¢â¬â¢s largest super markets (Boone Kurtz, 2009). Competition remained a major challenge for Cottle. The two prime competitors in India were Hinda-Daltan, with approximately 21 percent market share, and SarIndia that held 11 percent market share. The rest 21 percent of the market share comprised of low-priced and low-quality oral products emerging from Vietnam and China. Given that most of the consumers are from low-income backgrounds, the low-priced oral products proved a challenge to Cottle (Boone Kurtz, 2009). To accelerate the development of the toothbrush market in India, Cottle should target the mid-range manual and low-end manual toothbrushes as opposed to targeting the battery-operated toothbrushes. This is because the sale of battery-operated toothbrushes is low owing to its high price. Considering the potential markets of the company, which are semi-urban and massive rural markets. Moreover, low-end manual and mid-range manual among others due to the low costs. Equally, Cottle should place g reater focus on semi-urban population where the majority of the persons do not use the toothbrush at all (Johnson, Carr, Canavan, 2012).Advertising Looking for assessment on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Analyzing the cultural context of India will assist Cottle-Taylor in addressing the demand of its products. Culture plays an important role in the sale of products. Organizations or companies must consider the cultures of consumers and target group to meet the demand and expectations. This leads in the increased satisfaction of customer needs. India is a country deeply ingrained in its cultures. For instance, people in India use Neem twigs, tobacco, ash, charcoal, and black salt for brushing their teeth. The company should focus on areas that uphold these cultures to enhance their performance on sales. This is attainable via creating awareness on the benefits of oral hygiene, and in this context enlightening the people on the benefits of oral hygiene allied to CottleÃ¢â¬â¢s products. The rural-urban consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ challenges should be considered to address the oral hygiene issue appropriately. These approaches will increase the growth rate in the oral sector, thus accelerating the development of the toothbrush market within India (Quelch Zalosh, 2012). A suitable tactic to accelerate the development of the toothbrush market in India is creating awareness and understanding of CottleÃ¢â¬â¢s products benefits. Lang had felt that this approach contributed to consumer inertia in Thailand. Indeed, it is evident that people within India are not aware of the benefits of oral hygiene. Hence, they are not concerned with preventing or curing dental problems. Not only do they not seek proper dental health care, but they also do not brush their teeth frequently or change their toothbrushes after three months. Thus, increased awareness is likely to modify peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s habits and behaviors, making them adopt the habit of using toothbrushes (Boone Kurtz, 2009). The company has a strategy of increasing its sales. In order to achieve the goal within the stated deadline, the company must develop effective plans that may enhance effective advertising budgeting. The co mpany has divided its marketing or advertising in three units referred to as messages. Solving the problem in advertising, it appears appropriate to abide by what Patel suggests, that is, allocate more advertising dollars to messages one and two (Quelch Zalosh, 2012). Projected income statements for toothbrushes Advertisements: Print ad-50% Radio-5% Billboards-15% Television ad-50% Patel projected 20% increase in sales Lang projected 25-30% increase in sales Income statement 2009 Patel 2010 Lang 2010 Gross revenue 100 70.1 100.95 117.59 Less trade discount 10 7.01 10.095 11.759 Net revenue 90 63.09 90.85572 105.83 Manufacturing costs, selling costs 46 32.25 46.43 54.091 Gross margin 44 30.85 44.418 51.74 Ad 9 6.3 9.09 14.11 Consumer promotion 3 2.1 3.0285 3.528 Selling, administration costs 14 9.81 14.133 16.463 Profit from operations 18 12.62 18.1714 17.639 References Boone, L. E., Kurtz, D. L. (2009). Contemporary business 2010 update. New York: John Wi ley Sons. Johnson, C., Carr, R., Canavan, T. H. (2012). Factors affecting U.S trade and shipments of information technology products computer equipment, telecommunications equipment, and semi-conductors. Washington, DC: DIANE Publishing. Quelch, J. A., Zalosh, A. (2012). Cottle-Taylor: Expanding the oral care group in India. Harvard: Harvard Business Publishing.
Sunday, March 1, 2020
Civil Rights Definition Civil rights are the rights of individuals to be protected against unfair treatment based on certain personal characteristics like race, gender, age, or disability. Governments enact civil rights laws to protect people from discrimination in social functions such as education, employment, housing, and access to public accommodations. Civil Rights Key Takeaways Civil rights protect people from unequal treatment based on their individual characteristics like race and gender.Governments create civil rights laws to ensure fair treatment of groups that have traditionally been the target of discrimination.Civil rights differ from civil liberties, which are specific freedoms of all citizens as listed and ensured in a binding document, such as the U.S. Bill of Rights, and interpreted by the courts. Civil Rights Definition Civil rights are a set of rightss of civil rights include the rights of people to work, study, eat, and live where they choose. To turn a customer away from a restaurant solely because of his or her race, for example, is a civil rights violation under United States laws.Ã Ã Civil rights laws are often enacted in order to guarantee fair and equal treatment for groups of people who have historically faced discrimination. In the United States, for example, several civil rights laws focus on Ã¢â¬Å"protected classesÃ¢â¬ of people who share characteristics such as race, gender, age, disability, or sexual orientation. While now taken for granted in most other western democracies, consideration for civil rights has been deteriorating, according to international monitoring agencies. Since the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, the global war on terror has driven many governments to sacrifice civil rights in the name of security. Civil Rights vs. Civil Liberties Civil rights are often confused with civil liberties, which are the freedoms guaranteed to the citizens or residents of a country by an overriding legal covenant, like the U.S. Bill of Rights, and interpreted by the courts and lawmakers. The First AmendmentÃ¢â¬â¢s right to free speech is an example of a civil liberty. Both civil rights and civil liberties differ subtly from human rights, those freedoms belonging to all people regardless of where they live, such as freedom from slavery, torture, and religious persecution. International Perspective and Civil Rights Movements Virtually all nations deny some civil rights to some minority groups either by law or by custom. In the United States, for example, women continue to face discrimination in jobs traditionally held exclusively by men. While the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations in 1948, embodies civil rights, the provisions are not legally binding. Thus, there is no worldwide standard. Instead, individual nations tend to respond differently to pressure for enacting civil rights laws. Historically, when a significant portion of a nationÃ¢â¬â¢s people feel they are treated unfairly, civil rights movements emerge. While most often associated with the American Civil Rights Movement, similar notable efforts have occurred elsewhere. South Africa The South African system of government-sanctioned racial segregation known as apartheid came to an end after a high-profile civil rights movement that began in the 1940s. When the white South African government responded by jailing Nelson Mandela and most of its other leaders, the anti-apartheid movement lost strength until the 1980s. Under pressure from the United States and other Western nations, the South African government released Nelson Mandela from prison and lifted its ban on the African National Congress, the major black political party, in 1990. In 1994, Mandela was elected the first black president of South Africa. India The struggle of the Dalits in India has similarities to both the American Civil Rights Movement and the South African anti-apartheid movement. Formerly known as the Ã¢â¬Å"Untouchables,Ã¢â¬ the Dalits belong to the lowest social group in IndiaÃ¢â¬â¢s Hindu caste system. Though they make up one-sixth of IndiaÃ¢â¬â¢s population, the Dalits were forced to live as second-class citizens for centuries, facing discrimination in access to jobs, education, and allowed marriage partners. After years of civil disobedience and political activism, the Dalits won victories, highlighted by the election of K. R. Narayanan to the presidency in 1997. Serving as president until 2002, Narayanan stressed the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s obligations towards the Dalits and other minorities and called attention to the other many social ills of caste discrimination. Northern Ireland After the division of Ireland in 1920, Northern Ireland witnessed violence between the ruling British Protestant majority and members of the native Irish Catholic minority. Demanding an end to discrimination in housing and employment opportunities, Catholic activists launched marches and protests modeled after the American Civil Rights Movement. In 1971, the internment without trial of over 300 Catholic activists by the British government sparked an escalated, often-violent civil disobedience campaign headed by the Irish Republican Army (IRA). The turning point in the struggle came on Bloody Sunday, January 30, 1972, when 14 unarmed Catholic civil rights marchers were shot dead by the British army. The massacre galvanized the British people. Since Bloody Sunday, the British Parliament has instituted reforms protecting the civil rights of Northern Irish Catholics. Sources and Further Reference Hamlin, Rebecca. Civil Rights. Encyclopedia Britannica.. U.Civil Rights Act of 1964S. EEOC.Shah, Anup. Human Rights in Various Regions. Global Issues (October 1, 2010).Dooley, Brian. Black and Green: The Fight for Civil Rights in Northern Ireland and Black America. (Excerpts) Yale University.Bloody Sunday: What happened on Sunday 30 January 1972? BBC News (March 14, 2019).
Friday, February 14, 2020
Potter House - Case Study Example the right to enjoy the benefits of the property, to live and to use the property. B also has the right to share in the proceeds if the property is sold. The ownership of the property is divided into 2 components; legal title and beneficial ownership. The legal title can be ascertained by reference to the land register (assuming that the title registration has been effected) and those persons who hold the legal title are the trustees of the land. In this case, A, C and D are the trustees of the Potter House. The trustees are given wide powers i.e. to sell, to lease, or to mortgage the land. Under the law, the trustees are not allowed to benefit from the exercise of their powers in their capacity as trustees. The benefits of the home must be deflected to the beneficiaries. These rules apply even if the trustees and the beneficiaries are the same people. The House of Lords has accepted that a trust should be implied in all cases of co-ownership - Williams & Glyn's Bank v Boland  AC 487, 503, per Lord Wilberforce. Under the English law, since 1925, joint tenancy has been the only form of co-ownership. Whereas there are two types of ownership for the beneficial ownership of the property i.e. 'beneficial joint tenants' or 'tenants in common'. From the facts of the case, it is clear that A, B, C and D has indicated to hold the property as beneficial joint tenants. In this case, each owner jointly own the entire property and technically the property is held by the owner in trust for himself. The owners do not have separate shares of the property each (unlike the case of property held under the title of tenants in common) and neither of the owners have a separate share in the property which they can sell or leave in a will. The consequence of having such a title to a property is that upon death of one party his interest passes automatically to the surviving owner and this means that the property cannot be transferred to another person by the deceased owner through a will or on intestacy, as it doe s not form part of the deceased's estate. When B, in 2000, aged 27, moved out from the house to a new job in Kent, he demanded from C and D immediate payment for his share in the Potter House. B later died and left all his property by will to his mother, X. As explained above, B owns the house jointly with A, C and D and each of them has no separate share to the Potter House. It is not possible for joint tenants to sever their legal ownership in the estate and convert them into tenancy in common. Severance of joint tenancy into tenancy in common can only be done with respect to the beneficial ownership. A person whose interest is severed will have his share quantified in accordance to the numbers of the joint tenants immediately prior to the severance taking place. In this case, A, B, C and D each has 25% of the interest in the Potter Hous